The Sun Temple of Modhera is located at Modhera in Gujarat. Modhera Sun Temple is very popular temple of Gujarat. It derives thousands of visitors every Year. Modhera Sun Temple is famous for its architecture of Sun Temple and various design on the wall of Modhera Sun Temple. You Might have heard about Sun Temple but here in this post I will tell you why people come here for just see the sun Temple? What is the History Behind Modhera Sun Temple? Who has built Sun Temple? All these information about Modhera Sun Temple will be discussed here in this post.
The Sun Temple of Modhera is dedicated to Hindu God Surya. The Sun Temple was built by King Bhimdev of Solanki Dynasty in 1026. This temple is known as 11th century sun temple. Solankis were known as suryavanshi , Gurjar and thus they built Sun Temple at the village Modhera. This temple is designed as first ray of the sun fell on the image of sun. Modhera's sun Temple's architecture is similar to the Konark Sun Temple .
The shrine proper of the Sun Temple was built during the reign of Bhima I of Chaulukya dynasty. Earlier, during 1024-25, Mahmud of Ghazni had invaded Bhima's kingdom, and a force of around 20,000 soldiers had unsuccessfully tried to check his advance at Modhera. Historian A. K. Majumdar theorizes that the Sun Temple might have been built to commemorate this defense. On a block in western wall of cella, there is an inscription "Vikram Samvat 1083" upside down carelessly incised in Devnagari script which correspond to 1026-1027 CE. No other date is found. As the inscription is upside down, it evidences the destruction and reconstruction of the cellar. Due to position of the inscription, it is not firmly considered as the date of construction. On the stylistic ground, it is known that the kunda with its corner shrines was built earlier in the beginning of the 11th century. The inscription is rather considered as the date of destruction by Ghazni instead of the construction. Soon after Bhima had returned to the power. So the temple proper, the miniature and the niche shrines in the tank was built shortly after 1026 CE. The dancing hall was added much later in the third quarter of the 12th century along with the gateways, the porch of the temple proper and the doorframes of the temple and the cella during the reign of the Karna.
The temple is built on 23.6° latitude (approximately near Tropic of Cancer). The place was later known as Sita ni Chauri and Ramkund locallyNo worship is offered here now. The temple is Monument of National Importance and is maintained by Archeological Survey of India.
The Sun Temple is attraction of Modhera and it is famous for its unique architecture. People from all over the world come to modhera for just see the modhera Sun Temple. This temple was destroyed by Allauddin Khilji but till the art which was shown in architecture of Modhera's Sun Temple is present and it derives lots of visitors every year.
So friends this was the Brief History and Information about Modhera Sun Temple. I Hope you like this article about Modhera Sun Temple. Do visit the temple and seek the divine Surya dev’s blessing. Have a nice day.